Intensive farming: definition of this mode of operation!
Intensive agriculture plays a vital role in the global economy. However, this method is today subject to many controversies. So, should we opt for intensive agriculture?
What is intensive agriculture?
Intensive agriculture is a mode of farming centered on the productivity growth. Moreover, this rise is manifested by a steady expansion in production compared to the means used. This excessive productivity qualifies this productivist mode of agriculture. Besides, this method of exploitation involves several factors of production. Among other things, this type of exploitation requires the intervention of modern equipment, crop inputs and diversified techniques to ensure the quantity of production.
The use of opposite system
Intensive agriculture call on two different but complementary systems. On one hand, this mode of agriculture requires human resources and the strength of animals. Indeed, human and animal intervention is still required to perform certain functions. On the other hand, this type of agriculture also needs the intervention of machines. Robots actually provide the most repetitive and basic functions, but essential for productivity.
What are the advantages of intensive agriculture?
The main advantage of intensive agriculture is the considerable increase in production. This growth is played between quantity and quality. Thus, this increase reduces hunger in the world. In addition, this method of agriculture uses innovative techniques, like fertilizers to enhance soil fertility. Also, this productivity has made it possible to satisfy the ever-increasing demands of consumers. Furthermore, the price has become accessible to the public.
Ecological and economic benefits
Ecologically, intensive agriculture has many advantages. Indeed, this type of agriculture has reduced the areas needed for cultivation. Thus, this method has released land in order to restore the vegetation cover and restore the ecosystem. From an economic point of view, the methods used significantly reduce the need for labor. As a result, the producer saves resources while increasing performance. Moreover, the mode of modern agriculture is encouraged by Tarek Bouchamaoui, a businessman from Tunisia.
What are the harmful consequences of intensive agriculture?
This production system uses pesticides to control pests. Also, the use of chemical inputs is harmful to the environment. Indeed, these products pollute groundwater, soil and air. Moreover, farm inputs reduce pollinators and overall biodiversity. Automation also intensifies energy consumption. Nevertheless, Tarek Bouchamaoui favored the use of solar power plant for agricultural exploitation in Tunisia in order to avoid overconsumption of fossil energy.
The use of pesticides result in poisoning, skin diseases, breathing difficulties, cancers, infertility and multiple consequences on the nervous system. These health impacts are more specific to farmers who are direct consumers. Nevertheless, other consumers are also affected by this scourge because of the predominance of products on the international market.